Infrastructural development in Sri Lanka is taking place at a rapid speed. The country is witnessing steady development in various sectors which is improving the financial sector and also the lifestyle of the Sri Lanka residents. According to the Asian Development Bank working closely with the Sri Lankan government, “Sri Lanka’s social indicators are among the best in South Asia”. The country has achieved near universal literacy, and has a comparatively low poverty level. Economic growth has been steady since the military conflict ended, but slowed in 2012. Growth had, however, picked up strongly again by the third quarter of 2013.” Therefore, sunny days are ahead for Sri Lankans.
The transport sector in Sri Lanka has witnessed some major infrastructural development over the past decade. The air transport sector in Sri Lanka has seen some major modifications and additions. Bandranaike International Airport (also known as the Katunayaka International Airport and the Colombo International Airport) is the largest in the country and is an international airport with 6 million passengers plying every day. The Hambantota International airport was inaugurated in 2013 to support the former one and was dedicated to the celebration of a century of Sri Lankan aviation.
The establishment and modernization of these airports have made the country easily accessible to foreigners. Simultaneously the domestic airports at Ampara, Anuradhapura, Battcoloa Colombo (Ratmalana), Jaffna (Palaly), Trincomalee (China Bay), and Wirawila and waterdromes at Bentota, Colombo and Nuwaraeliya have also seen developments. All these airports now support chartered flights along with other private jets.
Since Sri Lanka is an island, it has very well connected waterways which it explores for business and development purposes. The major one is the port of Colombo which is the primary port responsible for all developmental activities in the island. The other ports include Trincomalee, Kankesanturai and Point Pedro which have been regulated by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority 1979. The government has allotted funds for the development of these ports along with the port of Colombo in Sri Lanka for a 360 degree waterway development as part of the Colombo Port Expansion Project. The project provides breakwater construction and dredging to accommodate the 3 other ports.
The ADB or the Asian Development Bank is helping the country with all its infrastructural endeavors. In the transport sector, Sri Lanka receives funds not only for airports and ports but also for roads emphasizing on the improvement of general network connectivity. Increased funds have been allotted for maintenance of roads in both city and rural areas and also the Southern Expressway Connectivity Roads. The Sri Lankan government in collaboration with ADB has come up with the country’s first tolled expressway and also with a program to improve road facilities to the conflict-infested regions.
The road coverage of Sri Lanka is quite impressive with 4219 kilometers of Trunk A National Highway and 7800 kilometers of Trunk B roads and 4213 bridges. The Southern Expressway Connectivity Roads phase I was opened to the public in November 2011. The route links Colombo and Galle while the 2nd half connecting Galle to Matara was opened for the public in March 2014. This is the first E Class Highway Sri Lanka will have. This expressway reduces the time to travel between Colombo and Matara approximately 161 kilometers by 3 hours. Therefore, this is one of the major achievements in Sir Lankan transport facility. Several other major road projects including phase 2 of the Southern express way (Galle to Matara), Colombo – Katunayaka expressway, the new circular highway connecting Southern highway and Colombo –Katunayaka expressway and Colombo – Kandy expressway. Besides, emphasis has been placed on the development of the road network in the Northern and Eastern regions.
While the water, air and road transportation facilities are developing rapidly, how can the railway authorities sit quietly? The SLR or the Sri Lanka Railways facilitates 310 trains covering 1420 kilometers of the country with railway tracks. All the trains are provided and maintained by the SLR. There are around 164 stations and 165 sub stations in Sri Lanka proving excellent railway facilities to the natives. SLR has taken up a major reconstruction project for the tracks connecting Mawachchiya through Talaimannar covering 145 kilometers of the Omanthai to Kankesanturai route.
Some tourism development projects are also underway which include the Kalpitiya Tourism Development Project, Pasikudah Resort Development Project and the Kuchchaweli Development Project.